Wine regions

North-Transdanubia Etyek-Buda, Ászár-Neszmély, Mór, Pannonhalma, Sopron
Balaton Balatonfüred-Csopak, Balatonfelvidék, Badacsony, Nagy-Somló, Dél-Balaton
South-Transdanubia Tolna, Szekszárd, Villány, Pécs, Zala
Alföld Kunság, Csongrád, Hajós-Baja
North-Hungary Mátra, Eger, Bükkalja
North-Transdanubia
ETYEK-BUDA

Wine production on Buda hills and outskirts got mayor importance when the royal palace was relocated here after the Tartar invasion. Following the Turkish occupation Serbs and Germans were settled here and they brought their red grapes and style of constructing the cellars, which you can observe on spot. Most of those nice old cellars are still in use. Ecological conditions are quite similar to these in Champagne / France; therefore it is suitable for production of sparkling wines. Törley, the most popular champagne in Hungary is also produced here.

Climate: windy, therefore sunny which keeps apart diseases and temperature is somewhat lower, but precipitation is near to the national average.
Soil: different types, in Buda region with high chalk content and in Etyek rather black earth on loess base.
Grape varieties: Chardonnay, Királyleányka (little princess), Italian Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Rhine Riesling, Ottonel Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Zenit, etc.

ÁszÁr-NeszmÉly

Traditions of wine making on this territory are dating back to the foundation of Hungary as a state; the vicinity of the royal court of our first king favored the wine production in this region. In the 18th and 19th centuries wine was exported. The high acidity enabled the long transportation keeping the qualities of the wine. After a stormy history it is just regaining its old fame it used to enjoy in the second half of the 19th century to the time when the noble family of the Eszterházy had vineyards here.

Climate: some cooler than other regions, but without extremities and with medium average precipitation. In the valley of Neszmély you can find special microclimate. Soil: Mainly good quality brown forest soil on a diverse basis: near Neszmély rather on chalk, dolomite, marl and clay overlain by loess, at the Vértesalja clay and sand sediments can be observed mixed with loess. Sunny southern slopes on the Vértes and Gerecse hills are best for plantation.
Grape varieties: Chardonnay, Italian Riesling, Sauvignon blanc, Ezerjó, Cserszegi fûszeres (spice of Cserszeg), Irsai Olivér

MÓr

A small wine region with great fame. Though wine was cultivated here since the Roman era, production became important only in the 18th century. The old Hungarian grape variety, the Ezerjó gives excellent quality of wines in this soil and the Capuchins settled here soon became the best grape growers of this dominant variety.
Turkish devastation set back progress and desolated the land. Germans were invited to settle here and they also contributed to the wine production and the unique ambiance of the cellar rows. The importance of the wine of this region culminated in the 19th century, thanks to the substantial demand abroad.

Climate: A mezzo climate created on the southern and western slopes of the Vértes and the Bakony hills provide good growing conditions. The climate cooler than the average. Windy but sunny.
Soil: a variety of chalk mixed with loess base predominantly brown forest soils. Different rendzina soils on dolomite base, others mixed with clay and loess, partly also sand.
Grape varieties: Ezerjó (thousand good), Királyleányka, Tramini., Chardonnay, Rhine Riesling

Pannonhalma

The Benedictine monks settled on the Saint Martin Hill in 996 and built their Abbey, which has been the most famous monastery of the Benedictines until today. They continued and flourished the wine growing tradition developed by the Romans for centuries. World War II and the communist era put an end to it. After the political change the Abbey re-established the Winery professionally run by Tibor Gál. The fields of Pannonhalma are blessed with excellent natural conditions, which allow the plantation of high quality white grape varieties.

Climate: balanced, moderately sunny, temperature with moderate values, mild winter and sufficient precipitation
Soil: brown forest soils on loess and sand, while the soil is of alkaline nature, which means, it is calciferous; partially sandy Grape varieties: Italian Riesling, Chardonnay, Rhine Riesling, Tramini, Irsai Olivér and some autochthonous Hungarian varieties such as Welshriesling, Királyleányka, Ezerfürtű, Ezerjó and Sárfehér (mudwhite)

Sopron

The tradition of winemaking begins with the Celts and has been performed since then in this region. Winegrowing is cultivated on the protected slopes of the sub- alpines. It’s significance demonstrates the fact that the wealth of the civic population of the once important merchant town was based on the grapes in the 18th century. The leading grape variety, the Blue Frankish was named after the blue colour of the French currency during the war against Napoleon. A special local custom is to indicate the type of the wine sold in the house of the wine maker with different colored ribbons tied on a bunch outside the door. Populated by settlers from lower Austria, this winemaking region is actually a continuation of the Burgenland region.

Climate: Sub-alpine, cool, sunny autumn and mild winter with the highest precipitation among all the wine regions
Soil: brown forest soils developed on the Pannonian layers, crystal slate, chalk, loess.
Grape varieties: Blue Frankish, Cabernet franc, Cabernet sauvignon, Zweigelt, Zöld veltelini, Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Merlot, Pinot noir

 

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Balaton
BalatonfÜred-Csopak

The grape motive ornaments and frescos about harvesting found in the 'villa urbana' in Balácapuszta bear evidence of the advanced wine production in this region at the beginning of our era. The volcanic red soil rich in minerals enables production of good quality wine with special taste, characteristic to the region. The sparkling mineral water and the unique microclimate in Balatonfüred, in addition the strength of fine white wine heal like medicine. Balatonfüred, member of the Wine-Route Association, the centre and the "Capital" of the region was prized as 'International Town of Grapes and Wine'. Charming centuries old wineries and press houses make even more attractive the fascinating landscape.

Climate: a special microclimate created by the Lake Balaton, through reflecting the sunshine on the one hand and emitting the warm in the night on the other hand.
Soil: a complex geological structure on old volcanic layers, redzina and forest soils formed on Permian red sandstone, dolomite, crystalline slate, marl and loess.
Grape varieties: Italian Riesling, Rhine Riesling, Rizlingszilváni (Müller-Thurgau), Tramini, Muscatel Ottonel and Sauvignon Blanc Some red wine is produced in the Tihany peninsula: cabernet franc, zweigelt, merlot, pinot noir etc.

BalatonfelvidÉk

The Balaton Uplands (Balatonfelvidék) on the southern slopes of volcanic hills though not positioned right at Lake Balaton, its climate is still influenced by the proximity of the lake. This region boasts with centuries-long traditions of vine growing on royal estates and vineyards of aristocrats and noblemen as the Esterházy princes for example, to mention only the most important of them. In the new era it was not discovered and overcrowded by tourists, which contributed to keep its medieval charm. Artists discovered this region lately and are doing a lot to preserve the values, like old houses, churches, vine cellars. They organize the week of the arts each year in summertime, which is a great event attracting many people.

Climate: sunny with some Mediterranean character
Soil: different types of soil, chalky, volcanic (lava, basalt, tuff), also forest soil, redzina and adobe
Grape varieties: Italian Riesling, Szürkebarát (Pinot Gris), Szürkebarát, Chardonnay, Rizlingszilváni, Muscat Ottonel

Badacsony

Viticulture dates back some 2000 years in this region. Wine plantations cover 46 % of the whole territory. The special climate conditions by the lake provide unique character to the wine. A landscape of outstanding natural beauty with the typical flat topped Badacsony hill, along with strange volcanic formations and basalt organ inspired many artists. Vineland turns into forest up the hill, walking trails through vineyards dotted with vine cellars and the breathtaking view of the lake, an ideal stage for a romantic scene. Do you want to get married? Than head to the Rose Stone and sit on it thinking of your loved one!

Climate: the force of the sunshine doubles reflected on the surface of the lake and the mass of water equalizes temperature by night, humidity is high, all this improve ripening conditions
Soil: Pannonian sand and clay on volcanic layers, compounded with basalt and basalt tuff.
Grape varieties: local specialty: Szürkebarát (Pinot Gris), Kéknyelű, Italian Riesling Tramini, Muscat Ottonel, Rheine Riesling and Chardonnay

Nagy-SomlÓ

Viticulture started latest by the Roman era, if not earlier. In spite of being the smallest wine region, it gained great fame already in the Middle Ages, when the phrase got abroad that the one who drinks from the Juhfark wine from Somló, will have a son. Soon it became the favorite wedding night drink of the Habsburgs and other royal courts. It served also as medicine for centuries when doctors were not accessible. The rich and fertile soil of the once active volcano gives a special mineral flavor to local wines which makes them incomparable to others. The leading variety, the Furmint is from Italian origin, it was brought by the settlers, who arrived after the Mongol invasion. Weather conditions favor even the breeding of Aszú grapes.

Climate: windy, but free from extremes, summer is moderately warm and autumn is warm and long lasting
Soil: Somló hill is a volcanic butte, covered with basalt and tuff loose structure, in some places clayey
Grape varieties: Furmint, Italian Riesling, Juhfark (Sheep`s tail), Hárslevelű, Rhine Riesling

DÉl-Balaton

Wine was produced here from early times, by Celts or Romans known as first, and it used to be the richest province in Hungary before the Ottoman invasion due to the vine. The phylloxera epidemic set back viniculture in the 19th century, as it did in the whole country. In the late 60’s modern techniques were introduced, as a result wines produced here are of quality and suite to modern taste. The microclimate effect of the lake has an even more favorable influence on the southern shore, due to the lake is shallower, so it gets warm faster. This creates the optimal conditions for excellent white wine and champagne base grape plantation. In fact the products of the BB Company (former Balatonbogár State Farm) are very popular and accessible at any food store to good price.

Climate: Balanced, particular microclimate with mild summers and winters, thanks to the large mass of swallow water.
Soil: brown forest soils on loess base rock to a smaller proportion of sand.
Grape varieties: Italian Riesling, Chardonnay, Királyleányka, Zöld(green) Veltelini, Rajnai rizling, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon, Tramini, red wines: Merlot, Kékfrankos, Cabernet Sauvignon. Outstanding product: BB champagnes

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South-Transdanubia
Tolna
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SzekszÁrd
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VillÁny
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PÉcs
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Zala

Situated on the western lakeside of Balaton this territory corresponds to the Balatonfelvidék region as climate and soil conditions are similar. Another analogue is its history and that besides other aristocrats the Esterhazy family owned here also large states where wine was produced for centuries. There are still some old cellars constructed of timbers and clay with neat thatched roof which are characteristic to the region. The phylloxera and Socialism changed drastically the production in any way; as a result the land was distributed in small plantations, so that some are even smaller than half a hectare. This is one of the reasons why only few wines have been commercially released to date, consequently this wine region is quite unfamiliar.

Climate: sunny, mild, with high precipitation, but colder than average
Soil: sandy-clayey sediments of the former Pannonian Lake covered with loess based brown forest soil
Grape varieties: Italian Riesling, Rizlingszilváni, Zöldveltelini, Chardonnay, Zala gyöngye

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AlfÖld
KunsÁg

Wine plantation started here in the early Middle Ages. In the late 19th century the phylloxera destroyed most of the vineyards in the whole country, but also in whole Europe. The immunity of the sand soil increased its value and people started planting on an even much larger area, which increased again in the 1960s. Mainly white grapes are cultivated and also varieties that are used for making sparkling wine. This wine region is by far the largest in the country including 95 wine-producing villages. We can find here the same sandy soil which gives a wine of milder acids with relatively high sugar and alcohol content as the highlands.

Climate: extreme and with extreme weather changes, hottest summer and coldest winter in the country, frost damages, little precipitation but considerable amount of sunshine
Soil: mainly sand and in the Southern regions loess.
Grape varieties: huge variety including Kövidinka, Ezerjó, Aranysárfehér, Rajnai rizling, Cserszegi fűszeres, Kadarka, Kékfrankos

CsongrÁd

Similar as in the other lowlander wine regions, wine plantation has started in the flood areas in the early Middle Ages and grape growing was furthered to prevent the sand soil from wind erosion. In the 15th century the grape-growing was already an important source of income, according to this fact owners had to pay tithe. During the Ottoman occupation wine kept on being a popular good. Red grape growing was naturalized in the 16th - 17th century with varieties like Kadarka and Kövidinka. Later also other grape-vines suitable for the production of large quantities were introduced. Interesting method is to cover the grapes with soil to save them from the cold.

Climate: Csongrád region is the warmest and the sunniest (around 2000 hours) wine region in Hungary. little rainfall, frost damage in winter
Soil: sand, sandy loess
Grape varieties:
main red wines: Kadarka, Kékfrankos, Zweigelt
white wines: Olaszrizling, Kövidinka, Italian Riesling

HajÓs-Baja

Based on written memories wine growing became a regular practice since Hungarians arrived to the region. Most widely planted are white grapes, as everywhere in Hungary. Red wine culture has reached the area only in the 16th – 17th century. In the 18th century raised the problem of the loess soil being eroded by the wind and to prevent this process grape growing was promoted. German settlers (Swabians) contributed to the upcoming of this wine region and built typical baroque styled press houses. The area is most known for Hajós cellar village on the humus rich bank of the Danube.

Climate: Extreme, rather hot summer, low precipitation but with lot of sunshine
Soil: loess, sandy
Grape varieties: Italian Riesling, Rhine Riesling, Chardonnay, Kékfrankos, Zweigelt and Kadarka

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North-Hungary
MÁtra
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Eger
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BÜkkalja
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